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Exercises from Chapter 9

  1. The data in Exhibit 9.31 are taken from the GHS 2002, and consist of three variables for 50 randomly selected respondents in employment. The three variables are:
    1. Whether or not in an occupational pension scheme (1 = not in scheme; 2 = in scheme), INOCCPEN (recoded from OCCLPENS)
    2. Whether receiving less (1) or more (2) than median earnings, PAY2
    3. Whether male (1) or female (2), SEX.
    Construct a table to display these data, properly labelled.
    INNOCPEN PAY2 SEX
    1.00 2.00 1
    1.00 1.00 2
    1.00 2.00 2
    1.00 1.00 2
    1.00 1.00 2
    1.00 2.00 1
    1.00 2.00 1
    1.00 2.00 1
    2.00 1.00 2
    2.00 1.00 2
    1.00 1.00 1
    1.00 1.00 1
    1.00 1.00 2
    2.00 1.00 2
    1.00 1.00 2
    1.00 2.00 1
    1.00 2.00 1
    2.00 1.00 1
    2.00 2.00 2
    1.00 1.00 1
    1.00 1.00 2
    1.00 2.00 2
    2.00 2.00 2
    1.00 2.00 1
    1.00 1.00 2
    1.00 2.00 2
    1.00 1.00 2
    1.00 2.00 1
    1.00 1.00 2
    1.00 2.00 1
    2.00 1.00 2
    2.00 1.00 2
    2.00 1.00 2
    1.00 1.00 2
    1.00 2.00 1
    1.00 2.00 1
    2.00 1.00 1
    2.00 1.00 2
    1.00 2.00 1
    1.00 1.00 2
    1.00 1.00 2
    1.00 1.00 2
    1.00 1.00 2
    2.00 1.00 2
    1.00 1.00 1
    1.00 1.00 2
    2.00 1.00 1
    1.00 1.00 2
    1.00 2.00 1
  2. The following table shows the social mobility table that was percentaged to obtain Exhibit 9.13.Using the counts in the table, a pocket calculator and the rule for calculating expected counts, calculate the table expected if there were no association between father's social class and respondent's class. Compare the expected counts with the data in the table below and explain why some cells have larger counts than would be predicted if there were no 'class inheritance'.

    Fathers'social class Respondents' social class

    I

    II

    IIIN

    IIIM

    IV

    V

    Total

    I

    28

    71

    60

    17

    16

    6

    198

    II

    56

    267

    211

    114

    111

    37

    796

    IIIN

    14

    79

    92

    38

    27

    16

    266

    IIIM

    36

    278

    344

    356

    238

    119

    1371

    IV

    10

    62

    103

    113

    115

    54

    457

    V

    5

    16

    43

    49

    46

    29

    188

    Total

    149

    773

    853

    687

    553

    261

    3276

    Source: General Household Survey, 1991

    Father's social class by respondent's social class, using the Registrar-General's classification, percentaged by respondents' social class

  3. Using SPSS with the file GHS2002.sav, crosstabulate CIGNOW (whether the respondent smokes) by SEX. Construct a properly labelled table suitable for publication and add a paragraph in which you interpret and comment on the table.